Eco Publications

Guildford, UK - 12 February 2019: A new study in tourism employment finds that many jobs are failing to provide dignity in employment. The tourism sector, which accounts for nearly 10 per cent of global employment, risks undermining rather than contributing to the United Nation's Sustainable Development Goals, according to three academics from the University of Surrey.

Anke Winchenbach, Dr. Paul Hanna and Professor Graham Miller have co-authored a paper, published today in the Journal of Sustainable Tourism, which reveals examples of where the tourism sector is failing to offer 'decent working practise' to employees, contributing to their sense of self-worth and overall performance.

Principles of Festival Management

"Principles of Festival Management"

Authors: Chris Newbold, Jennie Jordan, Paul Kelly, Kristy Diaz

Goodfellow Publishers: ISBN: 978-1-911396-82-6 HBK; 978-1-911396-83-3 PBK; 978-1-911396-84-0 eBook

Principles of Festival Management is a complete guide to developing and running a festival from inception to evaluation, covering all aspects of festival management and key central issues and contemporary debates.

It focuses on the practical skills and knowledge needed for successful festival management, with a step by step approach to the planning, managing and staging processes. Theoretically underpinned, it provides a combination of management perspectives, practical advice and festival studies understandings across a diverse range of festivals, art-forms, audiences, locations, impacts and business models, enabling readers to think critically about the many challenges facing festivals managers.

Impact of social/personal norms and willingness to sacrifice on young vacationers’ pro-environmental intentions for waste reduction and recycling

by Heesup Han, Jongsik Hu, Hyeon-Cheol Kim & Wansoo Kim

in Journal of Sustainable Tourism, Volume 26, 2018 - Issue 12, pp 2117-2133


Despite its importance, young vacationers’ waste reduction and recycling decision formation remains unknown. This research was designed to investigate the intricate associations among social norms (descriptive and injunctive), willingness to sacrifice, and personal norm by developing a theoretical framework for young vacationers’ waste reduction and recycling intentions. The impact of gender was also examined. A quantitative approach employing a structural equation modeling was utilized. Our results revealed that descriptive norm, injunctive norm, and willingness to sacrifice were significant activators of personal norm. In addition, the direct impact of descriptive and injunctive norms on pro-environmental intentions was found. Personal norm acted as a mediator. Moreover, the proposed theoretical framework was further broadened by the significant moderating effect of gender on the injunctive norm–intentions linkage. Overall, this research helps researchers and practitioners better understand young international vacationers’ waste reduction and recycling intentions while traveling.

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Tourism and visitor management in protected areas

Authors: Leung, Yu-Fai, Spenceley, Anna, Hvenegaard, Glen, Buckley, Ralf, Groves, Craig and others.

IUCN, Gland, Switzerland, November 2018
ISBN:  978-2-8317-1898-9

The 3rd edition of the official guidelines for sustainable tourism in protected areas, written by 58 authors has been published by the IUCN World Commission on Protected Areas (WCPA). The guidelines, which include case studies and best practices. are available for free download.  

Abstract:  Protected areas are a key component of any global conservation strategy. Tourism provides a crucial and unique way of fostering visitors’ connection with protected area values, making it a potentially positive force for  conservation. Protected area tourism’s economic benefits—which depend on beautiful natural areas, healthy wildlife and nature, and authentic cultures—can also be a powerful argument for conservation. Tourism in protected areas  is a major part of the global tourism industry—an industry whose scale and impacts are enormous. Such a high volume of visitors implies certain needs for fundamental infrastructure and requirements for employment and human services, all of which have ramifications for the economy, society, culture and the environment. These Guidelines provide guidance on key issues to help managers achieve sustainable tourism in protected areas.

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in David Langlet and Rosemary Rayfuse, The Ecosystem Approach in Ocean Planning and Governance, Brill/Nijhoff 2019, 195-220

by Kees Bastmeijer, Professor of Nature Conservation Law, Tilburg University


It is often emphasized that humans are also part of the ecosystem and that therefore the ecosystem approach includes human use. This chapter discusses the question of what this consideration should mean for implementing the ecosystem approach. For this purpose attention focuses on the Natura 2000 regime and its implementation. Although this regime is not explicitly based on the ecosystem approach, its legal requirements connect well with the characteristics of the ecosystem approach. Furthermore, much experience has been gained in implementing the Natura 2000 regime and a substantial part of the legal debates focuses on the relationship between human ambitions and effective protection of nature in the EU. From these experiences important lessons may be drawn for the implementation of the ecosystem approach under other legal regimes, such as the Marine Strategy Framework Directive. The discussions show the difficulty of applying an ecosystem approach at a moment in time where the ecosystem has already been substantially affected and – related to this – the importance of ecological restoration. The discussions also show that it is crucial to be aware of the risks of giving too much space in the system for balancing interests: companies and governments will search for approaches to prioritize social and economic interests over environmental ones. If the aim is to ensure inclusion of humans as part of an ecosystem in a manner that ensures the ecosystem is either in or will be restored to intact and healthy conditions, then strict legal requirements to prevent over-use are essential.

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Creating synergies between cultural policy and tourism for permanent and temporary citizens

A new, free report, tackles the so-called 'overtourism' phenomenon in 6 cities in a calm and methodic way.  It is written by Greg Richards, Professor of Placemaking and Events at Breda University and Lénia Marques, Assistant Professor of Cultural Organisation and Management at the Erasmus University in Rotterdam and is published by the United Cities and Local Governments (UCLG) network. The report examines how cultural policy can contribute to the management and development of tourism, and how tourism can contribute to supporting urban cultures. It concentrates on the cities of Amsterdam, Barcelona, Copenhagen, Lisbon, Montreal and Rome, and seeks to add new perspectives to current debates on 'overtourism' and the growth of the sharing economy.  It concludes that "the relationship between culture and tourism can be shifted from providing ‘culture for tourists’ to attracting ‘tourists for culture’ who can help to support the cultural ecosystem of the city".

Richards, G. and Marques, L., (2018) “Creating synergies between cultural policy and tourism
for permanent and temporary citizens”. Barcelona: UCLG.

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Principles of Sustainable Project Management

"Principles of Sustainable Project Management"

Author: Mohamed Salama, Associate Professor and Director of Corporate Executive Relations within the School of Management and Languages, Heriot Watt University, Dubai Campus.

Goodfellow Publishers ISBN: 9781911396857 HBK; 9781911396864 PBK; 9781911396871 eBook

In an era of digital transformation and sharing economy, it is quite challenging moving to such vibrant future with past-tense methodologies. Principles of Sustainable Project Management provides a unique approach to managing projects by combining the principles of sustainable management theory with the main processes and areas of knowledge in the currently established project management theory, in an applied context. Taking a truly international viewpoint, this important text:

UNWTO Report on Inclusive Destinations

Madrid, Spain, 24 October 2018 – A new report by the World Tourism Organization (UNWTO), produced in collaboration with UNWTO Affiliate Member globaldit, presents a model for inclusive tourism destinations. ‘Global Report on Inclusive Tourism: Model and success stories” is launched on the occasion of the UN Day 2018 celebration in Madrid, Spain.

Modelling inclusive tourism destinations on the capacity of tourism to integrate disadvantaged groups and benefit from its activity, is at the centre of this report. Showcasing how tourism can function as a vehicle for sustainable development, and the reduction of poverty and inequality, in the context of the 2030 Agenda and the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

Published: September 2018

eISBN: 978-92-844-1999-9 | ISBN: 978-92-844-1998-2

The management of tourism flows in cities to the benefit of visitors and residents alike is a fundamental issue for the tourism sector. It is critical to understand residents’ attitude towards tourism to ensure the development of successful sustainable tourism strategies. This report analyzes the perception of residents towards tourism in eight European cities – Amsterdam, Barcelona, Berlin, Copenhagen, Lisbon, Munich, Salzburg and Tallinn – and proposes 11 strategies and 68 measures to help understand and manage visitor’s growth in urban destinations. The implementation of the policy recommendations proposed in this report can advance inclusive and sustainable urban tourism that can contribute to the New Urban Agenda and the Sustainable Development Goals.

The European Commission Directorate General for International Cooperation and Development just released a new Reference Document in the Tools and Methods series, entitled "The inclusive green economy in EU development cooperation – An innovative approach at the intersection of the EU’s Planet, People and Prosperity objectives."

The document responds to calls for more guidance on the green economy and on lessons learnt, received during the recent evaluation of EU international cooperation on sustainable consumption and production. It aims to promote a better understanding of the green economy, give policy and operational guidance and present best practices.