Date issued: 09 August 2018
Author: National Council of Applied Economic Research (NCAER, India) for the International Labour Organization. Project Leader: Anushree Sinha
The key purpose of this study is to understand the prevalence of green jobs in India by developing a national-level green input-output (IO) table. Six sectors are specifically analysed: the four green sectors of forestry and logging, watershed development, wind energy, and metro transport services, and the two related sectors of wind turbine generator (WTG) manufacturing and rail transport services (other than metro). An IO table with the “new” green sectors is obtained through a hybrid method that uses various sources of data: primary-level data collected for the new green sectors, published and unpublished secondary data, and other information gathered from experts and specialists. This new IO table is used as the base table for developing a green sector-aware IO model. The output and employment multipliers of the relevant sectors are obtained using the input-output model constructed by introducing the “new” green sectors (disaggregated from existing relevant ‘mother’ sectors of the national IO table). The model so developed is used to explore the issue of investment in green sectors and the resulting employment and growth effects. The study examines the employment generation potential of the green and related sectors, as well as the structure of such employment, in terms of shares of informal and formal employment and gender distribution.